Alexey Shaburov's Project
2007 is a jubilee year for Russian polar explorers and a year rich in outstanding events. 70 years ago the 1st drifting research station “NP-1” started its work and systematic studies of the Arctic Ocean and polar areas. In 2007 another research drifting station was organized. It was the polar station “North Pole-35”. It is highly symbolic that the World Meteorological Organization and International Scientific Council in the framework of the International Polar year have declared September 21st, 2007 the 1st International Polar Day devoted to sea ice.
The second stage of the expedition started on August, 28th. Its main aims were to find an appropriate ice-floe and organize a drifting station “North Pole-35” there.
This year the polar explorers and researchers came across a new problem: an absence of an ice-floe appropriate for the polar station organization. They had searched for it for three weeks. The research vessel Akademik Fedorov assisted by the A-icebreaker Russia had explored several miles of the Arctic Ocean.
As a result, on September 18th, 2007 at 65 miles’ distance from the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago an ice-floe of 16 sq km area was found. In spite of hard weather conditions, fog and strong wind, around 300 tons of goods were disembarked. 20 buildings of the research complex and accommodation were built; and diesel, radio station and research equipment were launched. 22 polar researchers headed by an experienced polar explorer A. Visnevsky will work at the ice-floe.
The official opening of the station was held on September 21st, 2007 at 6 p.m. Moscow time. To honour the event Vladimir Filatov and Yury Chubar have prepared a symbolic pennon of the three flags: Russian, Moscow and MVK. The moment the vessel de-berthed the pennon was dropped into the water at 2,300 m deep (the thickness of the ice-floe).
According to Vladimir Sikolov, the head of the Arctic and Antarctic Institute high-latitude Arctic expedition, the research expedition was launched in the framework of the International Polar year. Research studies performed at the Akademik Fedorov will contribute to explaining the processes taking place in the high latitudes of the Arctic. Arctic Ocean chills a bit the process of global warming. Nevertheless, the research done two years ago showed that some areas of the Arctic Ocean and Arctic basin are the sources of carbon dioxide. It is a very interesting factor which will be investigated in detail. For 8 months Russian researchers together with their German colleagues from Vegener’s Institute will daily probe the ozone layer at a height of 25km. It is very important in connection with the ozone holes theories in the Arctic and Antarctic.
The station started its work by transmitting the 1st weather report to the global meteorological data bank. Traditionally during the opening ceremony they hoisted the Russian flag. The members of the expedition also hoisted St.Petersburg’s flag, because most of the crew are workers of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, located on Vasilievsky Island (St. Petersburg).
MVK International Exhibition Company was the expedition’s information partner and highlighted the organization of the drifting station NP-35. During the whole period of the research station organization MVK team members Vladimir Filatov and Anatoly Chubar quickly transmitted the current information. The expedition’s materials will be included in the polar museum’s display. MVK participation in the expedition Arktika-2007 is the next step in the polar museum development aimed at the popularization of polar professions among the youth, inspiring patriotism and love for the Arctic.