Alexey Shaburov's Project
The Murmansk Regional Museum of Local Lore, History and Economy is the oldest museum in the region which was founded on October the 17th, 1926. The Museum is situated in the historical quarter of the city. This building was constructed in 1937 as an exemplary secondary school and in 1941 the building was occupied by a military hospital. Its first expositions as a Museum were presented in 1957.
In 1965 the side of the Museum was decorated by a mosaic panel and an anchor on a pedestal which is a monument of the first icebreaker “Ermak”.
The Museum is involved in the acquisition, storage and popularization of historical and cultural sites of the Murmansk region. There are 17 exposition halls in the Museum. The “Nature” section displays “Russia’s only exposition of the sea bed” – a dried aquarium which is a unique geological collection extracted from 100 m – 12 km depths while boarding the Kola’s ultra deep well.
The history of the region from the earliest times to the present is represented in the following expositions: “The history of the region from the earliest times to the 17th century”, “Household of Lapps in the 18th – 19th centuries”, “Kola peninsula in the 17th – beginning of 20th centuries”, “The October Socialist Revolution”, “Civil war and intervention in Murom”, “The region in of 1920 – 1930”, and “The Murmansk region from 1945 – 1985”. The final exposition section describes the changes in the political and social-economic spheres of life from 1985 to present.
Annually the Museum organizes over 50 exhibitions. The Museum’s library is the oldest one in the region and holds 18,000 books and journals dedicated to education. In the archives of the Museum there are more than 150,000 pieces, 25,000 of which are being exhibited.
The core visitors of the Museum are the citizens and guests of the city and region, pupils, students and foreign tourists. The annual attendance is over 100,000 people. Since January 1999 the Museum has welcomed 4.5 million visitors.
Affiliates of the Museum.
The structure of the Museum includes three country departments.
Museum of the history, culture and household of the Lapps.
It was founded in 1968 in Lovozero, an ancient Lapp settlement. Every visitor to the Museum would stop at the sacred stone covered with pictures (petroglyphs) which are more than 3,000 years old. The stone was taken from the river Ponoy in 1973, near the Lapp settlement Chalmny-Varre, the Lovozero district. The life of the humble people: the Lapps, Komi, Nenets, is fully represented in the exposition rich in the original pieces of Arctic culture.
The Museum of history, culture and household of the Tersk coast-dwellers.
It was founded in 1992 in Umba, an old settlement of coast-dwellers (Pomors). The Pomors created the most efficient fishing tackles in the North, built functional dwellings and made comfortable clothes. Innate taste for beauty and sense of proportion inspired the embroidery, laces, wood engravings and festive costumes displayed in the Museum.
The Museum of Polar Olympiads’ History.
The Museum was founded in 1986 in Murmansk. The exposition displays a collection of skis, medals and signs of the annual Polar Olympiad which is chronicled since 1934.
Excursions and expositions:
Survey excursion around the Murmansk Regional Museum of Local Lore, it’s history and its economy
Excursion around the open storage of the Murmansk Regional Museum of Local Lore, History and Economy
Geological structure and mineral resources of the Kola Peninsula
Flora and Fauna of the Murmansk region
White Sea and Barents Sea characteristics
Highly protected natural territories of the Kola North
History of Murmansk
History of the region from the earliest times
The Lapps and coast-dwellers who are aboriginal inhabitants of the region
The Murmansk region from 1917 – 1921
Development of the region in the 1920s and 1940s
Murmansk region during the Second World War
The region’s economy
Also, in the Museum one can see rare geological, ethnographic and numismatic collections, manuscripts and black letter books, old Russian paintings and rare photographs.
The “National costume traditions of the Russian North” exhibition presents a collection of national costumes from the 19th – 20th centuries, which is one of the most interesting in the Museum. The exhibits reflect originality and uniqueness of the household of the Kola North people: Lapps, Komi and Russian Pomors.
“Traditional North Holiday International winter Olympiad” There are ten stands which display photos, numismatics and documents of the history of the Polar Olympiads which have been held in the Murmansk region since 1934. These events received an international status in 1970. Nowadays, the North Holiday is organized with 22 types of sport.
The “Murmansk region today” exhibition consists of eight mobile stand posters produced on a large jet plotter. The posters contain interesting information about the Murmansk region written in Russian and in English.
“Results of the 20th century Euro-arctic co-operation”
“Murmansk region – Lapland Edges of cooperation” Nine stands display materials from the Museum archives and participants of BEAR project activity on the cooperation development between the Murmansk region and Lapland (Finland) in the spheres of economy, ecology and culture (20th century). Materials are presented in Russian and in English.